Barak Mandekor

Sous le régime de l’ancien dictateur tchadien, Hissène Habré, le Tchad a vécu le plus horrible moment [un moment tragic] de son Histoire.
Sous l’ordre d’Hissène Habré, des individus et membres de familles furent tués- de nombreux de gens disparus et de nombreuses de personnes Tchadiennes – elles furent assassinées.

Parce que ces individus ont été une menace {au régime} ou comme il a été écrit, il s’ait pris sans prédits en commençant par une:
c. Elimination des enseignants, des personnes éduquées et des « intellectuels »
Dans les centres urbains du Sud, les personnes éduquées et les
cadres furent traqués. Un ancien responsable de la DDS ajoute :
« Au niveau du sud, c’était une épuration, les intellectuels
n’étaient pas les bienvenus et il fallait les
éliminer au maximum. A Sarh et à Doba, c’étaient tou-
jours des intellectuels qui étaient poursuivis, et toujours
des cadres »625.

Ainsi, mon cher Barak Mandekor aussi fut part des victimes.
[A lire sur les pages 300 à 302.]

Hissène Habré est soupçonné d’être responsable de la mort de presque 40 000 personnes. L’un des morts est Barak Mandekor, mon grand-père maternel.
A Moundou, le Docteur Barak Mandekor626, le premier dentiste
tchadien, et son cousin Ndjerang Julien627, enseignant et ancien
député, furent arrêtés par des militaires de la Garde présidentielle
venus en mission de N’Djaména, entre le 9 et le 15
septembre 1984. Ils sont portés disparus depuis628. La famille de
Ndjerang apprit qu’ils auraient été transférés à N’Djaména après
quelques jours et que Ndjerang Julien aurait été exécuté en 1985
avec, entre autres, le Dr. Mandekor et Djingambaye Djonro Sylvain,
un autre cousin.

Le site/la source: http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/chad1013frwebwcover_0.pdf

Je voulais partager le site [http://m.hrw.org] de @humanrightswatch et la Recherche de @humanrightswatch, ce document ou livre est sur leur site
http://m.hrw.org/fr/reports/2013/12/03/la-plaine-des-morts {A TELECHARGEZ}- dans lequel est LA PLAINE DES MORTS.

1. En novembre 1990, à la veille du renversement du régime, 300 détenus politiques ont été exécutés sommairement. En janvier 1992, après le renversement du régime Habré, plusieurs fosses communes ont été découvertes à 25 km de la capitale. Certaines fosses contenaient jusqu’à 150 squelettes des détenus exécutés par la tristement célèbre police politique (DDS). Le rapport de la commission d’enquête comptabilise quelque 80 000 orphelins produit par la terreur du régime Habré.
Des poursuites contre lui sont engagées en Belgique en application de la loi de compétence universelle qui, bien qu’abrogée en 2003, s’applique dans ce cas précis (certains plaignants ayant acquis la nationalité belge). Un mandat d’arrêt international, assorti d’une demande d’arrestation immédiate, est délivré par la justice belge le 19 septembre 2005 et transmis aux autorités sénégalaises. Après son arrestation le 15 novembre et une garde à vue de quelques jours, Hissène Habré est relâché, la justice sénégalaise s’étant finalement déclarée incompétente et l’affaire portée au niveau de l’Union africaine.
En juillet 2006, le Sénégal est mandaté par l’Union africaine pour juger Hissène Habré pour crimes contre l’humanité, crimes de guerre et actes de torture. Le Sénégal a alors engagé une série de réformes législatives et adopté un amendement constitutionnel afin de juger l’ancien dictateur tchadien. Les autorités sénégalaises ont cependant suspendu leur action judiciaire à la prise en charge, par la communauté internationale en général et à l’UA en particulier, de la totalité des fonds nécessaires pour le procès, estimée à 27,4 millions d’euros6.
Le 15 août 2008, il est condamné à mort par contumace pour crimes contre l’humanité par un tribunal de Ndjamena.
Le 3 décembre 2012, Reed Brody annonce l’imminence de son procès7.
Le 30 juin 2013, il est placé en garde à vue dans le cadre d’une enquête ouverte par un tribunal spécial devant le juger8,9.

2. Human rights groups hold Habré responsible for the killing of thousands of people, but the exact number is unknown. Killings included massacres against ethnic groups in the south (1984), against the Hadjerai (1987), and against the Zaghawa (1989). Human Rights Watch charged him with having authorized tens of thousands of political murders and physical torture.[16]
The United States and France supported Habré, seeing him as a bulwark against the Gaddafi government in neighboring Libya. Under President Ronald Reagan, the United States gave covert CIA paramilitary support to help Habré take power and remained one of Habré’s strongest allies throughout his rule, providing his regime with massive amounts of military aid.[13] The United States also used a clandestine base in Chad to train captured Libyan soldiers whom it was organizing into an anti-Qaddafi force.[citation needed][14]
“The CIA was so deeply involved in bringing Habré to power I can’t conceive they didn’t know what was going on,” said Donald Norland, U.S. ambassador to Chad from 1979 to 1981. “But there was no debate on the policy and virtually no discussion of the wisdom of doing what we did.”[15]
Documents obtained by Human Rights Watch show that the United States provided Habré’s DDS with training, intelligence, arms, and other support despite knowledge of its atrocities. Records discovered in the DDS’ meticulous archives describe training programs by American instructors for DDS agents and officials, including a course in the United States that was attended by some of the DDS’ most feared torturers. According to the Chadian Truth Commission, the United States also provided the DDS with monthly infusions of monetary aid and financed a regional network of intelligence networks code-named “Mosaic” that Chad used to pursue suspected opponents of Habré’s regime even after they fled the country.[14]
On 8 July 2011, Senegal officials announced that Habré would be extradited to Chad on 11 July,[31] but this was subsequently halted.[32] In July 2012, the ICJ ruled that Senegal must start Habré’s trial “without delay”. Amnesty International called on Senegal to abide by the ICJ’s ruling, calling it “a victory for victims that’s long overdue”.[33]
In December 2012, the Parliament of Senegal passed a law allowing for the creation of an international tribunal in Senegal to try Habre. The judges of the tribunal would be appointed by the African Union, and come from elsewhere in Africa.[26]
On 30 June 2013, Habré, was arrested in Senegal by the Senegalese police.[34] Chadian President Idriss Deby said of his arrest that it was a step towards “an Africa free of all evil, an Africa stripped of all dictatorships.” Senegal’s court, set up with the African Union, charged him with crimes against humanity and torture.[35]
Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiss%C3%A8ne_Habr%C3%A9
[Aussi/also:]
http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/chad1213summary_english.pdf

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Published by: ckoumtog

Activist, Model, Poet/Writer, Soccer Player and an Entrepreneur at ENTREPRENEUR DE DEMAIN. I have to clarify that my focus from 2006 until 2012 was modeling and the Entertainment business. I never wanted to be an actor although I currently have two Wavers under my belt. I just "need" one more to go from being a Non Union to an Union (SAG) "actor" but {again} that was never my passion- acting! I (nonetheless) have [indeed] done a number of background acting works and gigs. My first work was for NBC and the first show I have ever worked on was 30 Rock. It was unbelievable being on stage with Aleck Baldwin, Tracy Morgan, Tina Faye, LL Cool J, Wayne Brady (those last two were featured co-Stars); that was shot on 2/08/2007. I also did some background acting on Cashmere Mafia for ABC as of 9/2007, Ugly Betty from 2008-2010, Kings (2009), Royal Pains and the Good Wife (2010). It was great being an extra also in Films like: THE SMURFS (shot on June 2010) and NEW YEAR'S EVE (2011). As a Poet, I not only want to convey what I feel but {I want to} also express what you, the reader, feel. My inspiration is the loving grace of God (Jesus Christ), my country of birth, the Republic of Chad (Africa) and this World you and I live in. I also find it in Nature (her beauty), my Family and experience. But also in great writers and people like Leopold Sedar Senghor, Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King Jr, Malcolm X, Maya Angelou, Langston Hughes, e e cummings, Napoleon Hill (Think and Grow Rich) and Jacques Prevert (he is French, I am fluent in French). I also did model as mentioned, I have done a number of fashion shows (Couture Fashion Week in 2009 & 2010, Africa Fashion Week in 2009, etc) when speaking of my younger days. As a soccer player, I played every Sunday in an amateur league in Long Island City and Flushing, Queens. Actually, I went to Kansas City March of 2011 to try out professionally to be part of the Kansas City Sporting (a Major League Soccer) team. I did not make it, unfortunately. My sense of Activism is an everyday matter, from the way I carry myself to writing and promoting this beautiful Art called Poetry. In the future, it will involve concrete actions in developing not only Chad but Africa and promoting the values of Education. I am currently dabbling with the thought of becoming an accomplished lucrative poet (I write a lot!), becoming and a successful Entrepreneur. But yes, I would love to be connected to an understanding PUBLISHING COMPANY that will understand my creative drive and artistic vision so please reach out to me or refer my work if you can. As you read and as you saw, my real Passion is Poetry. I love writing poems. Recently, I have been performing it only because it was another way to reach out to People (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAKfUhJ4BJ8). I recently was asked to blog for the 2013 Men's Pageant for Face of Africa. (Here is the first article I wrote http://faceofafricausa.com/preparation/). "Home-less" was a poem written for a project that was helping people affected by hunger and poverty. It was for the The FWCares Project. http://flexwriterblogsonline.net/?p=231. My self-published book of poetry, entitled CLASSICS: DIPLOMATS IN EXILE (2007) is my #1 Achievement. I started writing at the age of 18. I am in need of sponsors and/or publishers. This vision God blessed me with is simple: We Will Change The World One Poem At A Time. NON STOP POETRY... It is within ALL of us! Just find it.

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